The Post-2015 debate - a quick overview
- Established following the Millennium summit of the UN in 2000 -> Adaption of the UN Millennium declaration.
- Ideas for MDGs came from Adam Figueroa, OECD, the World bank and the IMF
- MDGs - 8 goals
- Progress towards achieving the goals has been uneven across countries.
- Brazil achieved many of the goals
- China and India are the two major successful countries
- Between 1990 & 2010 the population living on less than $1.25 a day in developing countries halved to 21% achieving MDG 1A before the target date.
- Conference was held in the UN head quarters on 20-22 September 2010 to review the progress.
- Post 2015 Development Agenda
- UN member states discussed the Post 2015 development Agenda at the MDG summit and initiated a process of consultations
- Civil society organisations also engaged in the post-2015 process, along with academia and other research institutions including think tanks.
- An agreement of the UN conference on Sustainable development at Rio de Janeiro in June 2012, to develop a set of future international development goals
- Rio +20’s outcome document- “The Future We Want” calls for the SDGs to be integrated into the UN’s post-2015 Development Agenda.
- An Open Working Group (OWG) consisting of 20 members was established by the UN.
- OWG is tasked with preparing a proposal on the SDGs
- High Level Panel (HLP) (http://www.beyond2015.org/un-high-level-panel)
- July 2012; Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon announced the 27 members of a High Level Panel to advice on the global development framework beyond 2015.
- “A New Global Partnership; Eradicate Poverty & transform economies through Sustainable development” – the HLP report.
- Need to address how to make a smooth transition from the MDGs to the SDGs.
- The argument that MDGs as a whole must be the first SDG.
- “It calls for ending extreme poverty in the context of Sustainable development and sustainable equity”- President of Indonesia on the HLP report.
- Women’s rights and equity
- Equity in distribution of resources
- “The Bedrock of Sustainable development must be the Rule of law, absence of conflict and corruption, and accountable government and institutions which are essential for tackling the cause for poverty”- Justine Greening, UK MP and Secretary of State.
- Ban Ki-Moon highlighted the report’s message- that the post 2015 development agenda should be universal applying to North & South alike; Sustainable Development must be firmly at the centre of the post 2015 development agenda; and peace and good governance are a core foundation for development
- The HLP is a report which sets out a universal agenda to eradicate extreme poverty from the face of the earth by 2030 and deliver on the promise of sustainable development.
- The road map:-
In the report the HLP calls for the new post 2015 goals to drive 5 big transformation shifts:-
1) Leave no one behind
2) Put sustainable development at the core
3) Transform economies for jobs and inclusive growth
4) Build peace and effective, open and accountable institutions for all
5) Forge a new global partnership
- Paul Polman in his article said that there is another view to eradicating poverty other than those that the HLP has mentioned.
- Post 2015 agenda should be different from its predecessor in 4 important respects:-
i. Empower people economically
ii. Adopting to climate disruption
iii. Good governance
iv. Tackle Inequality
- Debates and Discussions
- Initiated by the UN system, Governments, Civil societies, Private sectors, academia and research institutes
- Post 2015 MDGs are complicated than those followed by the UN in 2000.
- UN’s take:-
- Global poverty continues to decline
- “After 2015 efforts to achieve a world of prosperity, equity, freedom, dignity and peace will continue unabated”
- Topics discussed:-
- Eradicating poverty- seems to be the most discussed topic and the prominent one
- Environmental Protection – climate change etc...
- Equality in resource distribution
- Women empowerment – health, employment, rights etc...
- Equality in receiving education
- The role of Civil society organisations and their work together with the UN system
- Global South :-
- Priority for equality of access to education
- Women empowerment – reproduction health, under age marriages, right to marriage etc...
- Right to food and nutrition
- Eradicating poverty which is still considerably more in the South than the North.
- The need to restart debates on the goals of 2000 which have not been achieved.
- Where did they go wrong
- How do we correct the mistake
- What can we do to improve the speed of achieving the goals by 2015
- How do we shift easily from MDGs to SDGs
- Debates about “one size fits all” model of development:
- “Solutions cannot be “one size fits all”; the strategy must be devised with complexity in mind as the world consists of not only developed countries but also slow developing countries, land locked developing countries etc...
- Importance of business:
- Many discussions of organisations and states are centred around business as it is their belief that business can be a key contributing factor to the Economical development
- Discussions on the importance of agriculture and food; the increase in population and the difficulty of providing food for all.
- Forming a new agenda for post 2015 development is a group effort of the Governments, civil society organisations, private sectors, research institutions and the UN system itself.
- Since the debates and discussions are at an initial stage, it is very difficult to comment on the fact whether these recommendations and discussions have incorporated the SDGs in a meaningful way. One will have to wait till the Reports of the OWG and HLP are discussed in the 69th session of the UN General Assembly to see how it progresses.
- Issues that require further discussion and planning would be the issues of the increase in population and the scarcity of resources to provide for the increased population. Will there still be Poverty despite these goals?
- Will the World Leaders manage to eradicate poverty by 2030?
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